Hair Restoration Q & A
Young Health USA
What is protein-rich plasma (PRP)?
Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and plasma are all components found in your blood. Each plays a role in keeping you healthy. Plasma is about 90% water. It keeps your blood fluid enough to move easily through your blood vessels. Platelets contain substances such as collagen and other proteins that help replace and rebuild damaged tissue throughout your body.
Platelet-rich plasma is created by taking a small amount of your blood and using a special machine (centrifuge) to separate the red and white blood cells from the plasma and platelets. This leaves behind a mixture known as platelet-rich plasma. The high concentration contains many times the normal amount of body-rebuilding proteins and other substances found in platelets.
What are stem cells?
Your body is made of billions of cells that come together to form your organs, blood, bones, and other systems. The process began with stem cells that divided and developed into many different cell types in early life. Some became heart cells, for instance, while others specialized as brain cells.
Some stem cells continue their existence as stem cells, remaining in bone marrow, skin, and other tissues throughout your life. These stem cells retain their ability to divide and develop into specialized cells. In some organs, such as the skin or bone marrow, stem cells divide regularly, creating new cells to replace worn or damaged cells. In other organs, such as the pancreas, stem cells only divide under certain circumstances.
How do PRP and stem cell treatments regrow hair?
When injected just under the skin of your scalp, PRP stimulates the repair and regeneration of damaged and dormant hair follicles. The results can take several weeks to months to materialize, but clinical evidence indicates as much as an 80% success rate, with many patients reporting doubling of their hair volume. The only discomfort comes from the injections, and even that can be alleviated with topical anesthesia. There are minimal to no side effects.
Stem cell treatment focuses on introducing a new supply of stem cells to regions of your scalp where balding or thinning is occurring. This repairs and regenerates hair follicles, thus stimulating hair growth. These stem cells can be obtained from donated and frozen umbilical cord tissue or harvested from a healthy area of your scalp where hair growth is abundant.